5.0 In this view of Millo Bay on Therasia, the red ignimbrite can be seen in the middle part of the photograph. It contains on its lower part charred plant remains that radiocarbon measurements have dated at 21,000 years BC.


Plant Remains and Geological Time

Fossil plants give us a glimpse into the vegetation of the past. They also reveal to us the climate that prevailed on Santorini and throughout the Aegean region. The climatic variations of the last ice age are also recorded in marine sediments around Santorini; they clearly show that there was never an ice sheet covering this region. During glacial periods there were only minor plants and grass, while during warm intervals trees grew on the islands. The climate of the Bronze Age resembled that of today.

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